The House Mouse is a major pest in the UK in both domestic and commercial properties. The mouse population has, like the rat population, seen an increase in the UK over the last few years.
Mouse droppings are sometimes the first evidence people see that they have a mouse infestation. Many people think that because they see a lot of droppings then they must have a heavy infestation, but one mouse is capable of producing 80 droppings per day.
Mice require only the smallest of holes to squeeze through. A fully grown adult can pass through a hole the size of a pencil or your little finger.
Mice are capable of causing a lot of damage; their teeth are continually growing so they have to keep gnawing at objects to wear their teeth down.
This means they not only gnaw at food products but also wiring and cabling which in turn can create electrical and fire hazards.
Mice are even more prolific than rats in their reproductive life, their gestation period is three weeks. They are sexually mature after 8 weeks from birth and will have on average between 7 to 8 litters per year, in each litter there could be up to 16 youngsters.
Mice urinate continually by means of small droplets of urine, as they run over food products or surfaces the urine is left behind which contains Salmonella.
This is often the cause of food poisoning or upset stomachs. Other diseases associated with mice are Lyme disease and Hantavirus.